Dimensional Stability of Cement Bonded Boards Produced from Thaumatococus danielli Stalk

Main Article Content

E. A. Adelusi
S. A. Adedokun
F. T. Adelusi


Cement bonded boards 6 mm thick were produced using Thaumatococcus daniellii stalk. Thaumatococcus daniellii and cement were mixed together at two different mixing ratios and three board densities of 2.5:1 and 3:1 and 500, 600 and 700 g/cm3, respectively. After 24 h of cold-water immersion, the mean water absorption of the cement bonded board ranged from 22.9 to 48.5% for (cement/stalk) mixing ratio of 3:1 and 2.5:1 with board density 700 and 500 g/m3 respectively. Cement bonded board produced from the highest levels of cement: stalk ratio (3:1) and board density (700 g/cm3) were dimensional more stable as they had the lowest value for water absorption. The least dimensionally stable boards were produced from the mixing ratio cement: stalk ratio (2.5:1) and board density (500 g/m3). The mean values obtained for thickness swelling (TS) after 24 hours of cold-water immersion ranged from 0.19 to 0.74%. Result shows that the higher the increase in mixing ratio of cements to fibre (3:1) and board density (700 g/cm3) caused decrease in thickness swelling and water absorption. From this study, Thaumatococcus daniellii stalk proved to be suitable for the production of cement–bonded board.

Thaumatococcus daniellii stalk, cement bonded board, water absorption, thickness swelling.

Article Details

How to Cite
Adelusi, E. A., Adedokun, S. A., & Adelusi, F. T. (2019). Dimensional Stability of Cement Bonded Boards Produced from Thaumatococus danielli Stalk. Journal of Materials Science Research and Reviews, 4(2), 1-7. Retrieved from http://journaljmsrr.com/index.php/JMSRR/article/view/30108
Original Research Article


Olorunnisola AO. Effect of particle geometry and chemical accelerator on strength properties of rattan-cement composites. Africa Journal of Science and Technoogyl. 2007;8:22-27.

Rowell RR. Materials, chemicals and energy from biomass energy. Chapter 5: Composite materials from forest biomass: A review of current practices. Science and Technology. Oxford University Press; 2007.

Zhou Y, Kamdem DP. Effect of cement/ wood ratio on the properties of cement-bonded particle board using CCA-treated wood removed from service: Composites and Manufactured Products. Forest Products Journal. 2002;52:77-81.

Wolfe RW, Gjinolli A. Cement-bonded wood composites as an engineering material. The use of recycled wood and paper in building applications, Madison. Wisconsin. 1996;84-91.

Adefisan OO. Pre-treatments effects on the strength and sorption properties of cement composites made from mixed particles of Eremospatha macrocarpa canes. 2013; In: L. Popoola FO, Idumah OY. AFDB. African Flowering Plants Database; 2008.

Kerade SR, Irie M, Maher K. Assessment of wood-cement compatibility: a new approach. Holzforschung, 2003;57(6):672- 680.

Ajayi B. The use of coconut fibre, a non-convectional material for inorganic bonded Manufacturing: Mitigating approach to scare housing products. In Proceedings of the 1 Pro-African Conference: Non-conventional Building Materials Based on Agro-industrial Wastes, Pirassununga, São Paulo, Brazil. 2010;66–169.

Olorunnisola AO. Strength and water absorption characteristics of cement bonded particleboard produced from coconut husk. J. Civ. Eng. Res. Pract 31, 2006;41–49.

Strategis. Wood-based Panel Products Technology Roadmaps: V.; Particleboard; 2005 Available:http//www.strategis.ic.gc.ca/epic/internet/infi-if.nsf/en/fb01136e.html

Roslan K, Haziman WIM, Eng JW. Properties of Cement Blocks with a High Content of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches (EFB) fibres. Faculty of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia. International Conference on Civil Engineering Practice ICCE. 2008;1.
[Retrieved from: 2011]

Ajayi B, Olufemi B. Properties of cement-bonded flake-boards from Gmelina arborea and Leucaena leucocephala. Int. J. Biol. Chem. Sci. 2010;5:586–594.

Raju GU, Kumarapa S, Gaitonde VN. Mechanical and physical characterization of agricultural waste reinforced polymer composites. J. Mater. Environ. Sci. 2012;3: 907–916.

Onilude MA. Pulp and paper industry: A neglected goldmine in Nigeria. Inaugural Lecture 2010/2011, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. 2011;18.

Ogunsanwo OY, Adedeji GA, Ajibabi AS. Pulping potential of Thaumatococcus daniellii (Benn) benth. In Omo and Oban Forest Reserves of Nigeria. International Journal of Science and Nature. 2012;3(3): 580-585.

Amiandamhen SO, Izekor DN. Effect of wood particle geometry and pre-treatments on the strength and sorption properties of cement-bonded particle boards. Journal of Applied and Natural Science. 2013;5(2): 318-322.

American Society for Testing and Materials): American society for testing and materials. Annual Book of ASTM standards. 2005; 100 Barr Harbor Dr., West Conshohocken, PA 19428, ASTM D570-98. 2005;35-37.

Littell RC, Stroup WW, Freund RJ. SAS for linear models. SAS Institute, fourth edition. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC. 2002;466.

Ajayi B. Short–term performance of cement-bonded hardwood flake boards. Journal of Sustainable Tropical Agricultural Research. 2003;8:16–19.

Fuwape JA. Sorption properties of wood –cement particle board as influenced by cement/wood ratio. Journal of Industrial Academy of Wood Science. 1992;23(1):1-9.

Badejo SO. Influence of process variables on properties of cement-bonded particle boards from mixed Tropical hard woods. PhD. Thesis, Federal University of Techno-logy, Akure, Nigeria. 1999;225.

Ajayi B. The strength and dimensional stability of cement–bonded flake board produced from Gmelina arborea and Leucaena leucocephala. Unpublished PhD Thesis, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria. 2000;176.