Design and Development of a Sustainable Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger for Use in a Higher Institution

Larry Orobome Agberegha *

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Petroleum Resources, Effurun Delta State, Nigeria.

Afoegba Siedougha Clement

Department of Welding and Offshore Technology, Petroleum Training Institute, Effurun, Delta State, Nigeria.

Godspower Edafeadhe

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Delta State Polytechnique, Otefe-Oghara, Delta State, Nigeria.

Adenike O. Akinyemi

Department of Petroleum and Natural Gas Processing Technology (PNGPD), Petroleum Training Institute, Effurun, Delta State, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

A heat exchanger can be defined as a thermo-fluid device that is used to transfer heat between two media, from a heat sink and to a heat source. This heat transfer is driven by the temperature differential between the former and the latter. The purpose of this work is to design, fabricate and test a shell and tube type heat exchanger which students can use to learn the basic principles of a heat exchanger. The heat exchanger was fabricated using gas wielding technique. It has two circuits – a hot water circuit and a cold water circuit. Two 1500 kW heaters serve as the source of heat for the hot water circuit which circulates under gravity when heated. The cold water circuit has an 0.55 kW (0.7375621 HP) centrifugal pump which effects water circulation. A digital thermometer was used to measure the temperature of fluids at specific intervals. The temperature of the cold water circuit increased on the average at 2.3oC while that of the hot water increased at 7oC. The LMTD was computed to be 4.690oC. While the effectiveness of the heat exchanger was 0.790. The results obtained from this work, was captured succinctly by Salby, (1999): The second law of thermodynamics is inspired by the observation that the quantity q/T (q is heat content and T is temperature) is independent of path under reversible conditions. One of the several statements of the second law, the Clausius inequality, has the consequences that pertain to the direction of thermodynamic processes: first, heat must be rejected to the environment somewhere during a cycle; second, under reversible conditions, more heat is exchanged at high temperature than at low temperature; and third, irreversibility reduces the net heat absorbed during a cycle. The first consequence precludes the possibility of a process that converts heat from a single source entirely into work: a perpetual motion machine of the second kind. The second consequence implies that net work is performed by the system during a cycle if heat is absorbed at high temperatures and rejected at low temperatures. The third consequence implies that irreversibility reduces the net work performed by the system, in the case of a heat engine, and increases the net work that must be performed on the system, in the case of a refrigerator.

Keywords: Shell and tube heat exchanger, performance analysis, mass flow rate, separation between baffles, pressure drop and heat transfer coefficient


How to Cite

Agberegha , L. O., Clement , A. S., Edafeadhe , G., & Akinyemi , A. O. (2023). Design and Development of a Sustainable Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger for Use in a Higher Institution. Journal of Materials Science Research and Reviews, 6(2), 218–232. Retrieved from https://journaljmsrr.com/index.php/JMSRR/article/view/243

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Selbaş R, Kızılkan Ö, Reppich M. A new design approach for shell and tube heat exchangers using genetic algorithms from the economic point of view. Chem Eng Process Process Intensif. 2006;45(4):268-75, ISSN 0255-2701.

Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cep.2005.07.004. (Available:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0255270105001790).

Arshi Banu PD, Lohith DNSR, Kalyan MP, Vempati DS, Hemanth Sai B. Fin and tube heat exchanger simulation and validation with CFD analysis, Materials Today: minutes; 2022.

Raja S, Sivahari Shankar MS, Mathan Kumar P, Rajaganapathy C. Heat transfer analysis and enhancement in shell and tube heat exchanger using copper oxide Nano particles. Mater Today Proc. 2022, ISSN 2214-7853;64:1732-7.

(Available:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214785322038652).

Marzouk SA, Al-Sood MMA, El-Fakharany MK, El-Said EMS. A comparative numerical study of shell and multi-tube heat exchanger performance with different baffles configurations. Int J Therm Sci. 2022;179.

(Available:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1290072922001922).

Khatawate VP, Banapurmath NR, Hosmath RS, Sanjeevannavar MB, Golabhanvi SM. Experimental and numerical studies on heat transfer characteristics of small shell and tube heat exchanger, Materials Today: minutes. Materials Today: Proceedings. 2022;59(1):1163-7, ISSN 2214-7853. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2022.03.184. (Available:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S221478532201522X).

Gawande SH, Wankhede SD, Yerrawar RN, Sonawane VJ, Ubarhande UB. Design and development of shell and tube heat exchangers for beverages, Modern Mechanical Engineering. 2012;02(4):Article ID: 24879, 5 pages. doi: 10.4236/mme.2012.24015.

Rao RV, Patel V. Design optimization of shell and tube heat exchangers using swarm optimization algorithms. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part A: Journal of Power and Energy. Proceedings of the IMechE vol. 2011;225(5):619-34.

Balasubramanian M, Fahad A. Searches Frb storage tank design and analysis, global journal of science and Reaserches, Balasubramanian, 2(6). ISSN. June 2015;8034:2348.

Mirzaei Mohsen, Hajabdollahi H, Fadakar H. Multi-objective optimization of the shell and tube heat exchanger using construction theory. Appl Therm Eng. 2017;125:9-19, ISSN 1359-4311. (Available:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1359431116343605)

Lu H, Feng DC, Yang JY. Comparison of differential scanning calorimetry and modulated differential scanning calorimetry in the measurement of specific heat capacities. Anal Instrum. 2011;3:70-4.

Anil Kumar, Sachin Sharma, Sunil Kumar, and Rajesh Maithani Thermohydraulic analysis of twisted ribbon inserts with SiO_2/H_2O nanofluid in heat exchanger Available:https://doi.org/10.1080/14484846.2021.1960672

X. Cui, K. J. Chua, M. R. Islam and W. M. Yanga, Fundamental formulation of a modified LMTD method to study indirect evaporative heat exchangers, Energy conversion and management, Volume 88, December 2014, Pages 372-381, Energy conversion and management

Yan Li, Chao Yang, Zhe Yan, Bin Guo, Han Yuan, Jian Zhao and Ning Mei, Analysis of ice formation and melting process in coil heat exchanger. 2017;136:450-455. Energy Procedia.

MOGAJI TS, ROTIMI IE, OLAPOJOYE AO. Effect of fluid types on the performance of heat exchanger base on flow configurations, ABUAD journal of engineering Research and Development (AJERD) ISSN. 2019;2645-85.

Available:http://www.ajerd.abuad.edu.ng/

(Piyush Jena, 2018) [cited 8/18/2022]. Available:https://www.quora.com/Why-do-we-consider-LMTD-in-a-heat-exchanger at 11:00 am.

Fares M, AL-Mayyahi M, AL-Saad M. Heat transfer analysis of a shell and tube heat exchanger operated with graphene nanofluids. Case Stud Therm Eng. 2020;18:100584, ISSN 2214-157X.

Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csite.2020.100584.

Chang C, Liao Zuwei, Costa ALH, Bagajewicz MJ. Globally optimal design of intensified shell and tube heat exchangers using full cutouts, Informatics and Chemical Engineering. Computers & Chemical Engineering. 2022;158:107644, ISSN 0098-1354. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compchemeng.2021.107644.

(Available:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S009813542100421X).

Raza T, Patel M. Design and fabrication of shell and tube type heat exchanger and performance analysis international conference on ideas, impact and innovation in mechanical Engineering (ICIIIME 2017) ISSN: 2321-8169 volume. 2017;5(6); 1422-1428.

Vinoth Kumar D, Vijayaraghavan S, Thakur P. Analytical and experimental investigation on heat transfer and flow parameters of Multichannel louvered fin cross flow heat exchanger using iterative LMTD and ∊-NTU method. Mater Today Proc. 2022;52(3):1240-8. ISSN 2214-7853 (Available:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214785321070516).

Chapter. 3, The second law and its implications. International Geophysics, ISBN 9780126151602. 1996;61:79-98. ISSN 0074-6142. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0074-6142(96)80040-4. (Available:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0074614296800404).

Putman RE. ’The Importance of Process Heat Exchangers in Industrial Energy Systems.’ industrial energy systems Putman RE, editor. ASME Press; 2004.

Chen LY, Adi VSK, Laxmidewi R. Shell and tube heat exchanger flexible design strategy for process operability. Case Stud Therm Eng. 2022;37: 102163. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csite.2022.102163.

(Available:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214157X22004099).