Optimising Medicinal Plants Values Grown in Nigeria for Prevention, Controlling and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Determinant Factors of Infant Mortality Using Mathematical Modelling Protégé

Main Article Content

Oludare Temitope. Osuntokun
Adeyemi O. Binuyo

Abstract

Infant mortality is a challenge for third-world countries like Nigeria where there is little next to non-availability of conventional drugs, and if available, it is costly and out of the reach of the common populace. It is a fact that medicinal plant is a gift from Mother Nature, but its uses and efficacy have been overlooked over the century because of the over super-imposed of conventional drugs but its medicinal plants efficacy is still intact. The objectives of this work are to optimise medicinal plants values being grown in Nigeria, West Africa, in the prevention, control and treatment of infectious diseases which is a determinant factors of infant mortality using mathematical model protégés. the research/review scientific point of view. The x-rays features of this paper is to formulate and analyse a mathematical model that extends and complements the ones in the literatures by incorporating medicinal plant class denoted by M(t). Mathematical models are widely used to examine, explain and predict the dynamics of infectious diseases transmission. Models have played important roles in developing public health strategies for control and prevention of infectious diseases. The mathematical model is a system of first-order non-linear ordinary differential equations which are partitioned into five different compartments. Two equilibria states exist, the disease-free equilibrium and endemic equilibrium which are locally asymptotically stable if the basic reproductive number is less than one and unstable if the basic reproductive number is greater than one. Numerical simulations were performed using hypothetical values for the parameters used in the model. The model shows that an increase in the medicinal plants grown or found in the country leads to low disease prevalence among the susceptible infant population considered in this work. Therefore, our medicinal plants become a very alternative for the prevention, control, and treatment of infectious diseases to reduce or prevent infant mortality among infants, especially in rural areas. Also, this will elevate the knowledge from African trado-medical practice and rejuvenate our ethno-botanical properties and characteristics for future uses.

Keywords:
Mathematical modelling, basic reproductive number, numerical simulation, infectious diseases, infants, Nigeria.

Article Details

How to Cite
Osuntokun, O. T., & Binuyo, A. O. (2021). Optimising Medicinal Plants Values Grown in Nigeria for Prevention, Controlling and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Determinant Factors of Infant Mortality Using Mathematical Modelling Protégé. Journal of Materials Science Research and Reviews, 7(1), 15-30. Retrieved from https://journaljmsrr.com/index.php/JMSRR/article/view/30170
Section
Original Research Article

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